Parenting and child development in adoptive families: Attachment parenting Baby talk Concerted cultivation Gatekeeper parent Helicopter parent Nurturant parenting Slow parenting Soccer mom Strict father model Taking children seriously Tiger parenting Work at home parent. Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people are parents. Gay fathers by surrogacy. The variance of each variable is partitioned into variance occurring within families i. Empirical studies comparing children raised by sexual minority parents with those raised by otherwise comparable heterosexual parents have not found reliable disparities in mental health or social adjustment.
Homosexuality does not constitute a pathology or deficit, and there is no theoretical reason to expect gay fathers to cause harm to their children.
Parenting and the Adjustment of Children Born to Gay Fathers Through Surrogacy
Gender identities Sexual identities Sexual diversities. Thus, although more research is needed, available data place the burden of empirical proof on those who argue that having a gay father is harmful. Children born through reproductive donation: Attachment parenting Baby talk Concerted cultivation Gatekeeper parent Helicopter parent Nurturant parenting Slow parenting Soccer mom Strict father model Taking children seriously Tiger parenting Work at home parent. Sexuality Research and Social Policy12—