Attitudes toward same-sex marriage, and gay rights in general, may pose a psychological conflict for those who are intrinsically religious: In a conceptual replication of Study 1 with a measure of behavioral intention, we obtained additional support in Study 2 for the hypothesis that religiosity would predict willingness to protest against same-sex marriage, and that this relationship would be mediated by sexual prejudice. Correlations between sexual prejudice and willingness to protest against same-sex marriage were more variable but also high: Nevertheless, adjusting for sex and age did not meaningfully alter the results. Whereas religious opponents may see their objections to same-sex marriage as principled and legitimate, others see it as a human rights issue and may interpret opposition as a form of sexual prejudice and discrimination. Published online Jul
In addition, as noted above, our mediation analyses do not provide evidence bearing on the causal ordering of variables.
Changing Attitudes on Gay Marriage
Study 4a Political conservatism involves two distinct but correlated components, namely, resistance to change and opposition to equality Jost, ; Jost et al. Descriptive statistics are provided in Table L of the online supplement. Sample sizes were determined by the number of students who were enrolled in the various psychology courses and who consented to participate in our research. Survey conducted June We hasten to add, in any case, that it is empirically possible for our mediation hypotheses to be contradicted by the data. Assessment and behavioral consequences. Empirically, however, we observed that they were very highly intercorrelated.
Overview of Studies In this research program, we sought to elucidate the effects of religiosity, political conservatism, and sexual prejudice in accounting for opposition to same-sex marriage. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin32 Second, for studies in which the independent and mediating variables are not under experimental control, tests of indirect effects are potentially susceptible to bias arising from common causes. Furthermore, those who opposed legalization of same-sex marriage were especially likely to justify their position on the basis of religious belief or interpretations of the Bible Newport, These groups are often religious or socially conservative in nature. In light of current debates regarding the expansion of gay rights in several countries, including the United States, France, Ireland, Russia, and Australia, this research presents a timely investigation into the motivational underpinnings of religious opposition to same-sex marriage.